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做书面表达题写作词汇量不足时应该如何应急

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时间:2005-05-17 02:26  293次点击 | 0 关注
做书面表达时,我们常常会碰到这种情况:一个意思往往因一个单词不会而表达不清;一个好的句子因一个单词想不起来而不能完成。面对这种情况,该如何应对呢?下面介绍三种简便易行的应急措施,希望能对同学们有所帮助。

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51Test一、换用笼统词

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51Test词大体可分为两类:笼统词和具体词。笼统词的特点在于意义广泛、搭配性强。虽然它们独自不能精确表达一个动作,但在构成词组以后可替代很多具体词。写作中遇到一些具体词写不出来的时候,用笼统词取代,能收到异曲同工之妙。最常用的笼统词有 have,take等。

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51Test例:迈克经历了一个极其艰苦的时代。M ike experienced a terrible hard time.写作时,若忘记了experience可用笼统词have代替,写成M ike had a terrible hard time.同样能收到预期效果。

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51Test再看几例:Are you married?= Do you have a wife /husband?

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51TestDo you understand my meaning?=Do you take my meaning?

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51TestShe will subscribe(订阅)to Chi- na Today.=She will take China To- day.

51Test二、换用同义词、反义词

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51Test遇到未曾学过的词或一时想不起的词时,可采用发散性思维,发挥想象力,尽可能想出与之有关的同义词、反义词,利用语言的内在联系、多层次、多角度地运用语言,使单词受阻现象得以解决。

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51Test例:昨晚李雷做了一场恶梦。

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51TestLi Lei had a nightmare last night.因nightmare使用率不高,不易记住。但其同义词bad dream易记。上句可换译为:Li Lei had a bad dream last night.

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51Test再如:The food is tasty.=The food is nice toeat.=The food is delicious.

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51TestWe discontinued the work at nine.=We stopped the work at nine.

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51TestThis woman is talkative.=This woman is never quiet.

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51TestThis car is expensive.=This car is not cheap.

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51Test三、换用迂回表达

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51Test当一个词或某些信息表达起来有困难时,要充分利用语言本身词汇丰富、句型多变等特点,进行迂回表达。因为任何一种表达形式,只要能达意便可接受。请仔细观察划线部分词语,看看是如何迂回表达的。

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51Test例:1.我从未见到过这样顽固的人。

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51TestI"ve never seen such a stubborn person.=I"ve never seen such a person who never listens to other"s advice.

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51Test2.如果我们想得到文凭,我们必须首先通过考试。

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51TestIf we want to obtain a diploma,we must first pass the exams.=If we want to get a graduation paper,we must first pass the exams.

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51Test3.工厂里的烟囱(chimney)拔地而起。

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High chimneys have appeared in the factories.=The factories are full of high chimneys.=A lot of high chimneys can be seen in the factories.

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51Test4.他数学考试取得优异成绩,被大学录取了。

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51TestHe passed the maths exam /succeeded in the maths exam and became a college student.

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51Test5.中午我们吃了野餐。

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51TestAt noon we had a picnic.=At noon we had our lunch in the open air.

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