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国外必备英语词汇[1图]

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可可雅瑶 时间:2017-05-24 13:02  3528次点击 | 0 关注
餐具:
coffee pot 咖啡壶
coffee cup 咖啡杯
paper towel 纸巾
napkin 餐巾
table cloth 桌布
tea -pot 茶壶
tea set 茶具
tea tray 茶盘
caddy 茶罐
dish 碟
plate 盘
saucer 小碟子
rice bowl 饭碗
chopsticks 筷子
soup spoon 汤匙
knife 餐刀
cup 杯子
glass 玻璃杯
mug 马克杯
picnic lunch 便当
fruit plate 水果盘
toothpick 牙签
中餐:
bear's paw 熊掌
dried venison 鹿脯
beche-de-mer; sea cucumber 海参
sea sturgeon 海鳝
salted jelly fish 海蜇皮
kelp, seaweed 海带
abalone 鲍鱼
shark fin 鱼翅
scallops 干贝
lobster 龙虾
bird's nest 燕窝
roast suckling pig 考乳猪
pig's knuckle 猪脚
boiled salted duck 盐水鸭
preserved meat 腊肉
barbecued pork 叉烧
sausage 香肠
fried pork flakes 肉松
Barbeque 烤肉
meat diet 荤菜
vegetables 素菜
meat broth 肉羹
local dish 地方菜
Cantonese cuisine 广东菜
set meal 客饭
curry rice 咖喱饭
fried rice 炒饭
plain rice 白饭
crispy rice 锅巴
gruel, soft rice , porridge 粥
noodles with gravy 打卤面
plain noodle 阳春面
casserole 砂锅
chafing dish, fire pot 火锅
meat bun 肉包子
shao-mai 烧麦
preserved bean curd 腐乳
bean curd 豆腐
fermented black bean [sauce] 豆豉
pickled cucumbers 酱瓜
preserved egg 皮蛋
salted duck egg 咸鸭蛋
dried turnip 萝卜干
西餐于日本料理:
menu 菜单
French cuisine 法国菜
today's special 今日特餐
chef's special 主厨特餐
buffet 自助餐
fast food 快餐
specialty 招牌菜
continental cuisine 欧式西餐
aperitif 饭前酒
dim sum 点心
French fries 炸薯条
baked potato 烘马铃薯
mashed potatoes 马铃薯泥
omelette 简蛋卷
pudding 布丁
pastries 甜点
pickled vegetables 泡菜
kimchi 韩国泡菜
crab meat 蟹肉
prawn 明虾
conch 海螺
escargots 田螺braised beef 炖牛肉
bacon 熏肉
poached egg 荷包蛋
sunny side up 煎一面荷包蛋
over 煎两面荷包蛋
fried egg 煎蛋
over easy 煎半熟蛋
over hard 煎全熟蛋
scrambled eggs 炒蛋
boiled egg 煮蛋
stone fire pot 石头火锅
disposible chopsticks日本竹筷
sake 日本米酒
miso shiru 味噌汤
roast meat 铁板烤肉
sashimi 生鱼片
butter 奶油
冷饮:
beverages 饮料
soya-bean milk 豆浆
plum syrup 酸梅汤
tomato juice 番茄汁
orange juice 橘子汁
coconut milk 椰子汁
asparagus juice 芦笋汁
grapefruit juice 葡萄柚汁
vegetable juice 蔬菜汁
ginger ale 姜汁
sarsaparilla 沙士
soft drink 汽水
coca-cola (coke) 可口可乐
tea leaves 茶叶
black tea 红茶
jasmine tea 茉莉(香片)
tea bag 茶包
lemon tea 柠檬茶
white goup tea 冬瓜茶
honey 蜂蜜
chlorella 绿藻
soda water 苏打水
artificial color 人工色素
ice water 冰水
mineral water 矿泉水
distilled water 蒸馏水
long-life milk 保久奶
condensed milk 炼乳; 炼奶
cocoa 可可
coffee mate 奶精
coffee 咖啡
iced coffee 冰咖啡
white coffee 牛奶咖啡
black coffee 纯咖啡
ovaltine 阿华田
chlorella yakult 养乐多
Chicken powder/essence 鸡精
(澳洲人说Chicken Salt)
ice-cream cone 甜筒
sundae 圣代; 新地
ice-cream 雪糕
soft ice-cream 窗淇淋
vanilla ice-cream 香草冰淇淋
ice pop冰棒
milkshake 奶昔
straw 吸管
水果:
pineapple 凤梨
watermelon 西瓜
papaya 木瓜
betelnut 槟榔
chestnut 栗子
coconut 椰子
ponkan 碰柑
tangerine 橘子
mandarin orange 橘
sugar-cane 甘蔗
Cantalope melon 香瓜
shaddock 文旦
juice peach 水蜜桃
pear 梨子
peach 桃子
carambola 杨桃
cherry 樱桃
persimmon 柿子
apple 苹果
mango 芒果
fig 无花果
water caltrop 菱角
almond 杏仁
plum 李子
honey-dew melon 哈密瓜
loquat 枇杷
olive 橄榄
rambutan 红毛丹
durian 榴梿
strawberry 草莓
grape 葡萄
grapefruit 葡萄柚
lichee/lychee荔枝
longan 龙眼
wax apple 莲雾
guava 番石榴
banana 香蕉
熟菜与调味品:
string bean 四季豆
pea 豌豆
green soy bean 毛豆
soybean sprout 黄豆芽
mung bean sprout 绿豆芽
bean sprout 豆芽
kale 甘蓝菜
cabbage 包心菜; 大白菜
broccoli 花椰菜
mater convolvulus 空心菜
dried lily flower 金针菜
mustard leaf 芥菜
celery 芹菜
tarragon 蒿菜
beetroot, beet 甜菜
agar-agar 紫菜
lettuce 生菜
spinach 菠菜
leek 韭菜
caraway 香菜
hair-like seaweed 发菜
preserved szechuan pickle 榨菜
salted vegetable 雪里红
lettuce 莴苣
asparagus 芦荟
bamboo shoot 竹笋
dried bamboo shoot 笋干
chives 韭黄
ternip 白萝卜
carrot 胡萝卜
water chestnut 荸荠
ficus tikaua 地瓜
long crooked squash 菜瓜
loofah 丝瓜
pumpkin 南瓜
bitter gourd 苦瓜
cucumber 黄瓜
white gourd 冬瓜
gherkin 小黄瓜
yam 山芋
taro 芋头
button mushroom 草菇
needle mushroom 金针菇
agaricus 蘑菇
dried mushroom 冬菇
tomato 番茄
eggplant 茄子
potato, spud 马铃薯
lotus root 莲藕
agaric (an edible tree fungus) 木耳
white fungus 百木耳
ginger 生姜
garlic 大蒜
garlic bulb 蒜头
green onion 葱
onion 洋葱
scallion, leek 青葱
wheat gluten 面筋
miso 味噌
seasoning 调味品
caviar 鱼子酱
barbeque sauce 沙茶酱
tomato ketchup, tomato sauce 番茄酱
mustard 芥茉
salt 盐
sugar 糖
monosodium glutamate (MSG) 味精
vinegar 醋
sweet 甜
sour 酸
bitter 苦
lard 猪油
peanut oil 花生油
soy sauce 酱油
green pepper 青椒
paprika 红椒
star anise 八角
cinnamon 肉挂
curry 咖喱
maltose 麦芽糖
糖与蜜饯:
jerky 牛肉干
dried beef slices 牛肉片
dried pork slices 猪肉片
confection 糖果
glace fruit 蜜饯
marmalade 果酱
dried persimmon 柿饼
candied melon 冬瓜糖
red jujube 红枣
black date 黑枣
glace date 蜜枣
dried longan 桂圆干
raisin 葡萄干
chewing gum 口香糖
nougat 牛乳糖
mint 薄荷糖
drop 水果糖
marshmallow 棉花糖
caramel 牛奶糖
peanut brittle 花生糖
castor sugar 细砂白糖
granulated sugar 砂糖
sugar candy 冰糖
butter biscuit 奶酥
rice cake 年糕
moon cake 月饼
green bean cake 绿豆糕
popcorn 爆米花
chocolate 巧克力
marrons glaces 唐炒栗子
牛排与酒:
breakfast 早餐
lunch 午餐
brunch 早午餐
supper 晚餐
late snack 宵夜
dinner 正餐
ham and egg 火腿肠
buttered toast 奶油土司
French toast 法国土司
muffin松饼
cheese cake 酪饼
white bread 白面包
brown bread 黑面包
French roll 小型法式面包
appetizer 开胃菜
green salad 蔬菜沙拉
onion soup 洋葱汤
potage 法国浓汤
corn soup 玉米浓汤
minestrone 蔬菜面条汤
ox tail soup 牛尾汤
fried chicken 炸鸡
roast chicken 烤鸡
steak 牛排
T-bone steak 丁骨牛排
filet steak 菲力牛排
sirloin steak 沙朗牛排
club steak 小牛排
well done 全熟
medium 五分熟
rare 三分熟
beer 啤酒
draft beer 生啤酒
stout beer 黑啤酒
canned beer 罐装啤酒
red wine 红葡萄酒
gin 琴酒
brandy 白兰地
whisky 威士忌
vodka 伏特加
on the rocks 酒加冰块
rum 兰酒
champagne 香槟
其他小吃:
meat 肉
beef 牛肉
pork 猪肉
chicken 鸡肉
mutton 羊肉
bread 面包
steamed bread 馒头
rice noodles 米粉
fried rice noodles 河粉
steamed vermicelli roll 肠粉
macaroni 通心粉
bean thread 冬粉
Stinky Toufu 臭豆腐
flour-rice noodle 面粉
noodles 面条
instinct noodles 速食面
vegetable 蔬菜
crust 面包皮
sandwich 三明治
toast 土司
hamburger 汉堡
cake 蛋糕
spring roll 春卷
pancake 煎饼
fried dumpling 煎贴
rice glue ball 元宵
congee 米粥
cereal 麦片粥
steamed dumpling 蒸饺
ravioli 馄饨
Moon cake 月饼
green bean cake 绿豆糕
popcorn 爆米花
chocolate 巧克力
前台:
company 陪伴,同伴
single room 单人房
double room 双人房
intend 想要,打算
party (参加共同活动的)一批,一组,一组人
date 日期,日子
kind 种,类
bath 浴室
shower 淋浴
suite (一套)房间
deluxe 豪华的
presidential 总统的,总统职务的
available 可用的,合用的,可得到的,可到达的
fully 完全地,彻底地
name 名字,姓,姓名,名称
address 地址
the phone number 电话号码
be able to 能,会
guarantee 保证,担保,包,管
occupancy 占有,占用
peak 最高的,高峰的
arrival 到来,到达
departure 启程,离开,出发
book 预定,定
hotel 旅馆
offer 提出,提供
discount 折扣
vacancy 空,空房间
solid 全部地
be full up 全满
include 包括,包含
major 较大范围的,主要的
international 国际的,世界的
provide with 提供
mini-bar 旅馆里的小冰柜
sort 种类,类别
price 价格,价钱
dollar 美元
service 服务,服侍
of course 当然
rate 价格,费用
additional taxes 另加税金
look forward to 期待,希望
receive 接待,接见,欢迎
guest 旅客,宿客
welcome to 欢迎到来
bellboy 行李员,旅客服务员
madam 夫人,女士,太太 ( 小心,也是妓女老板)
trip 旅行,旅程
take care of管理,照看
baggage 行李,
carry 运送,手提
suitcase 手提箱,衣箱
show 带领,指引,给 看
lead 带领,引领,领路
give sb.a hand帮...的忙
allow 允许,准许
wish 愿,希望
pleasant 令人愉快的,舒适的
enjoy 享受
a good time 快乐时光
pleasure 快乐,愉快,高兴
not at all 不用谢,没关系
mention 提及,提到
registration 登记,注册
at one's service 为...服务
behind 在后面,在...背后
remember 记住,记得
return 送还,还归
firmly 稳固地
go to bed 上床睡觉
check 检查,核对
list 名单,一览表
fill to 填写
form 表格
have a look 看一看
passport 护照
mind 介意,反对
fill out 填写
prepare 准备,预备
key card 出入证
seat 座位
file 档案
identification 身分的证明
straight 马上,立刻
separately 单独地
opposite 在...的对面
gift 礼品,礼物
elevator [美]电梯
directly 直接地
straight 笔直的
traffic 交通
distance 直接地
intersection 交叉点,十字路口
suggest 建议,提出(意见,计划)等
popular 受欢迎的,大众喜爱的
tourist 旅行者,游览者,观光者
famous 著名的,出名的
tourist attraction 旅游胜地
history 历史
direction 方向,方位
well-known 出名的,众所周知的
scene 景色,景象
attractive 有吸引人的,引起兴趣的
interest 兴趣
dynasty 王朝,朝代
classical 古典的
architecture建筑风格
exquisite 精致的,精巧的
artistic value 艺术价值
chance 机会
feast one's eyes让某人一包眼福
typical 典型的,代表性的
pearl 珍珠
The Jade Buddha Temple 玉佛寺
what's more 另外
construction建造,构造,结构
magnificent 壮丽的,宏伟的
enjoy 欣赏,喜爱
stamp 邮票
stick 粘贴,张贴
envelope 信封,封套
sticker 背后有粘胶的标签
ticket 票
airline 航空公司
wonder 想知道
consider 考虑,细想
in advance 预先
economy 经济
time-table 时刻表
flight 班机
airport 机场
rear stalls 戏院正方后座
in order 妥当,就绪
suppose 猜想,料想,想象
matinee 日戏
dress circle戏院的二楼厅
cancel 取消
except 除...之外
performance 演出
acrobatic 杂技的
prefer 更喜欢
exchange 兑换,(货币)交换
bill 钞票,纸币
currency 货币
according to根据...所说,按照
equivalent 相等的,相当的
note 纸币
sign 签名,署名
exchange memo 兑换水单
counter 柜台
prohibit 禁止,阻止
government 政府
information 信息
bottom line 底线
endorse 在(支票等)背面签名,背书
signature 签名,署名
top line 头一行
receipt 收据,收条
amount 数额
certificate 单据
purchase 买,购买,购置,所购物
countersign 副署,连署
in duplicate(正副)一式两份
policy 政策,方针
understand 懂,理解
awfully 非常,很
describe 描绘,叙述,形容
apologize 道歉
trouble 麻烦,烦恼
manager 经理
solve 解决
carelessness粗心,疏忽,粗枝大叶
advise to 劝...
inconvenience 不方便
toilet 洗室
sincerely 真诚地,诚恳地,真挚地
previous 先的,前的
occupant 占有人,占用者,居住者
access 进入
responsible 有责任的,(应)责任的
necklace 项圈,项链
safety box 保险柜
arrange 安排
in touch with 联系,接触
as soon as 一...就...
try one's best 努力,尽力
possible 可能的
regulation 规则,规章,法规
noise 噪音,嘈杂声
several 几个,数个
misunderstand 误会,误解
explain 解释,说明
relax 放松
calm 使平静,使镇定
in charge 主管
housemaid 客房服务员
release 再出租
measure 措施,方法
understaffed人员太少的,人员不足的
accommodation cost 宿费
cashier 出纳
check in 入住登记
check out 办理退房手续
deluxe suite豪华套间
dining hall 餐厅
double room 双人间
foreign exchange counter 外币兑换处
hotel directory 旅馆指南
hotel lobby 饭店大堂
hotel rates 房价
information desk 总台
porter 行李员
reservation desk 预定处
room charge sheet 房价表
room with bath 带有浴室的客房
room with good ventilation
通风良好的客房
single room 单人间
suite 套间
telephone operator 总机接线员
plan;安排
in touch with 联系,接触
as soon as 一...就...
try one's best 努力,尽力
possible 可能的
regulation 规则,规章,法规
noise 噪音,嘈杂声
several 几个,数个
misunderstand 误会,误解
explain 解释,说明
relax 放松
calm 使平静,使镇定
in charge 主管
housemaid 客房服务员
release 再出租
measure 措施,方法
understaffed人员太少的,人员不足的
accommodation cost 宿费
cashier 出纳
check in 入住登记
check out 办理退房手续
deluxe suite豪华套间
dining hall 餐厅
double room 双人间
foreign exchange counter
外币兑换处
hotel directory 旅馆指南
hotel lobby 饭店大堂
hotel rates 房价
information desk 总台
porter 行李员
reservation desk 预定处
room charge sheet 房价表
room with a bath 带有浴室的客房
room with good ventilation
通风良好的客房
single room 单人间
suite 套间
telephone operator 总机接线员

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