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2004年全国高考英语试卷与解答

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feiyu253 时间:2006-05-09 22:09  507次点击 | 0 关注


第一卷(三部分,共 115分)

第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

例:How much is the shirt? 

A. 19.15. B. 9.15. C. 9.18.

答案是B。

1. What do we learn about the man?

A. He slept well on the plane. B. He had a long trip. C. He had a meeting.

2. Why will the woman stay home in the evening?

A. To wait for a call. 

B. To watch a ball game on TV.

C. To have dinner with a friend.

3. What gift will the woman probably get for Mary?

A. A school bag. B. A record. C. A theatre ticket.

4. What does the man mainly do in his spare time?

A. Learn a language. B. Do some sports. C. Play the piano.

5. What did the woman like doing when she was young?

A. Riding a bicycle with friends. B. Travelling the country. C. Reading alone
第二节(共15小题海小题1.5分,满分22.5分) 

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 

听下面一段材料,回答第6和第7题

6. Where does the conversation take place?

A. In a hotel. 

B. At a booking office. 

C. At a friend’s house.

7. What will the man probably do in a few days?

A. Fly to another country. 

B. Come to the same hotel. 

C. Drive here to visit friends.

听下面一段材料,回答第8至第10题

8. What did the man worry about at the beginning of the conversation?

A. He might not find everything he wanted.

B. He might not have enough money with him.

C. He might not be able to carry the shopping.

9. How much should the man pay?

A. $5. B. $75. C. $75.05.

10. What did the woman do in the end?

A. She charged the man a little less.

B. She asked the man to pay her later.

C. She made a mistake in adding up the cost.

听下面一段材料,回答第11至第13题

11. Where are the speakers?

A. In a classroom. B. In a theatre. C. In an office.

12. Why does the man plan to leave early?

A. He is going on vacation. 

B. He is going to a performance.

C. He is going to the post office.

13. What does the woman offer to do?

A. Clean the office. B. Pick up the man' s son. C. Finish the man' s work.

听下面一段材料,回答第14至第17题

14. How does the woman feel at the beginning of the conversation?

A. Angry. B. Surprised. C. Sad.

15. What size bag does the woman want?

A. A 24-inch bag. B. A 29-inch bag. C. A 32-inch bag.

16. When will the woman leave for Mexico?

A. On Thursday. B. On Friday. C. On Saturday.

17. Where does the man work?

A. At a mail order company.

B. At an international travel service.

C. At the airport information desk.

听下面一段材料,回答第18至第20题

18. Why did the woman not go to college?

A. She didn’t pass the exam.

B. She wasn't interested in college.

C. She couldn’t afford college education.

19. What job does the woman say she did?

A. She was a bus conductor. 

B. She was a shop assistant. 

C. She was a housekeeper.

20. What did the woman think of her friend' s college life?

A. It was busy. B. It was wonderful. C. It was dull.

第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节:单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分) 

从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

例:It is generally considered unwise to give a child _______ he or she wants.

A. however B. whatever C. whichever D. whenever

答案是B。

21. – It’s getting late. I'm afraid I must be going now.

- OK. ______ .

A. Take it easy B. Go slowly C. Stay longer D. See you

22. Let' s keep to the point or we _______ any decisions.

A. will never reach   B. have never reached   C. never reach   D. never reached

23. The English play _______ my students acted at the New Year's party was a great success.

A. for which   B. at which   C. in which   D. on which

24. When you come here for your holiday next time, don' t go to _______ hotel; I can find you

_______ bed in my flat.

A. the; a    B. the; 不填     C. a; the     D. a; 不填

25. Roses need special care _____ they can live through winter.

A. because   B. so that   C. even if   D. as

26. - How about eight o' clock outside the cinema?

- That _______ me fine.

A. fits    B. meets    C. satisfies    D. suits

27. I like _______ in the autumn when the weather is clear and bright.

A. this   B. that   C. it   D. one

28. Sarah, hurry up. I'm afraid you can’t have time to ______ before the party.

A. get changed   B. get change   C. get changing   D. get to change

29. - Isn' t that Ann's husband over there?

- No, it _______ be him -I'm sure he doesn't wear glasses.

A. can't    B. must not   C. won't   D. may not

30. My mind wasn' t on what he was saying so I' m afraid I ______ half of it.

A. was missing   B. had missed   C. will miss   D. missed

31. You are saying that everyone should be equal, and this is _______I disagree.

A. why   B. where   C. what   D. how

32. You can take anything from the shelf and read, but please _______the books when you' ve finished with them.

A. put on   B. put down   C. put back   D. put off

33. Mary kept weighing herself to see how much ___ she was getting.

A. heavier   B. heavy   C. the heavier   D. the heaviest

34. - Susan, will you please go and empty that drawer?

- _______?

A. What for   B. What is it   C. How is it   D. How come

35. I don't mind picking up your things from the store. _______ , the walk will do me good.

A. Sooner or later   B. Still   C. In time   D. Besides

第二节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题l.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从36-55各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

It was the night before the composition was due. As I looked at the list of topics (题目) , "The Art of Eating Spaghetti (意大利面条) " caught my eye. The word "spaghetti" brought back the

36 of an evening at Uncle Alien' s in Belleville 37 all of us were seated around the table and Aunt Pat 38 spaghetti for supper. Spaghetti was an exotic (外来的) treat in 39 days. Never had I eaten spaghetti, and 40 of the grown-ups had enough experience to be 41 it. What laughing 42 we had about the 43 respectable method for moving spaghetti from plate to mouth. 44 , I wanted to write about that, but I wanted to 45 it down simply for my own 46 , not for Mr. Fleagle, my composition teacher. 47 , I would write something else.

When I finished it the night was half gone and there was no 48 left to write a proper com­position for Mr. Fleagle. There was no choice next morning but to 49 my work. Two days pas­sed before Mr. Fleagle returned the 50 papers. He said, "Now, class, I want to read you a composition, “The Art of Eating Spaghetti'. "

My words! He was reading my words out 51 to the whole class. 52 laughed, then the whole class was laughing with open-hearted enjoyment. I did my best not to show 53 , but what I was feeling was pure happiness, 54 my words had the power to make people 55 .

36. A. memory B. thought C. knowledge D. experience

37. A. when B. where C. since D. after

38. A. cooked B. served C. got D. made

39. A. their B. past C. last D. those

40. A. none B. one C. earns D. neither

41. A. careful about B. good at C. fond of D. interested in

42. A. speeches B. lessons C. sayings D. arguments

43. A. nearly B. naturally C. officially D, socially

44. A. Especially B. Probably C. Suddenly D. Fortunately

45. A. settle B. put C. Bite D. let

46. A. work B. story C. luck D. joy

47. A. However B. Therefore C. As for him D. Except for that 

48. A. time B. excuse C. way D. idea

49. A. give up B. continue C. hand in D. delay

50. A. written B. graded C. collected D. calmly

51. A. laid B. fast C. publicly D. calmly

52. A. People B. Nobody C. Somebody D. I

53. A. shock B. wonder C. worry D. pleasure

54. A. if B. for C. while D. although

55. A. excited B. satisfied C. think D. laugh


第三部分:阅读理解(共对小题;每小题2分,满分物分
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A

Tired of Working in Your Country"!

With over 500 instructors and 20 years of experience, we are the leader in the field of teaching foreign languages. We now have positions open in Osaka starting September/October 2004 for instructors of English, German, Spanish and French.

• Teach many different kinds of classes using the latest technology in small classes of up to 3 students.

•Accommodation (住宿), and other necessary documents (文件) will be ready before you leave.

• Applicants will teach their first language only.

• Excellent teacher training programs.

If you are young with a university degree and are willing to experience different cultures, apply (申请) now. Experience in teaching is an advantage but not specially required. Knowledge of the Japanese language is not necessary but good English skills and practical computer knowledge are basic requirements.

Apply with C. V. and send letters to:

NOVA France, Mr. Sampy (IHT3/2)

34, Bd. Haussmann, 75009 Paris, France

Fax: 33148014804

Or visit our website: www. teadyp. com

The manager expects to meet and talk with successful applicants in Paris in June and July.

56. What is the purpose of the text?

A. To introduce a language school in Japan.

B. To hire language teachers to work in Japan.

C. To describe working conditions in Japan.

D. To make clear the requirements for Japanese teachers.

57. We know from the text that those who are going to Japan will _______.

A. teach English only in Osaka 

B. receive a degree from a university

C. have free accommodation 

D. get trained for the job

58. Before going to Japan, you need _______.

A. to see the manager of NOVA France 

B. to take some computer courses

C. to write a letter to Japan 

D. to find a place to live

59. If you want to work in Japan you should _______.

A. have some working experience 

B. know how to use computers

C. present good teaching plans 

D. speak several languages


B

Giving Back

Fair Way

The Westborough High School golf team had taken the official photos with the state prize. The other teams, disappointed, were on the bus heading home. And then Westborough instructor Greg Rota noticed something wrong x>n one of the score cards. A 9 had been recorded as a 7. They were not the state prize winner; Wobum High had won. "No one would have known," said Wobum's instruc­tor, Bob Doran. For Rota, it wasn't a difficult decision: "The prize wasn't ours to take."

Coin Stars

"College students are lazy, but they also want to help," says University of Pennsylvania graduate Dana Hork. So she made it easy, placing cups in rooms where students could leave their spare coins, and handing out cups to first-year students to keep in their rooms. Her " Change for Change" effort has collected $40,000 for charities 慈善机构) , which were decided upon by students.

Never Forgotten

A school in Massachusetts received a $ 9.5 million check from Jacques LeBermuth. But it took offi­cials several days of digging to discover his connection to the school. Records showed the LeBermuth came from Belgium and studied in the school in the 1920s. When his family fell on hard times, he was offered free room and board. LeBermuth became a trader, owned shares of AT&T and lived off the earnings until he died, at age 89.

60. What did Greg Rota probably do in the end?

A. Took photos of Doran.

B. Had a meeting with Doran.

C. Returned the prize to the organizer.

D. Apologized to Wobum High School.

61. Greg Rota's decision shows that he was _______.

A. honest B. polite C. careful D. friendly

62. The underlined word "Change" in the second paragraph means _______.

A. Idea B. Decision C. Cups D. Coins

63. What did the school officials do after receiving the check from Mr. LeBermuth?

A. They tried to find out why he gave them the money.

B. They went to Belgium to pay their respects to him.

C. They dug out the records that were buried underground.

D. They decided to offer their students free room and board.

64. Jacques LeBermuth gave the money to the school because _______.

A. the school asked for it 

B. he had no need for that much money

C. the school had helped him in the past 

D. he wanted to be remembered by the students


C

When someone has deeply hurt you, it can be extremely difficult to let go of your anger. But forgiveness is possible - and it can be surprisingly helpful to your physical and mental health. In­deed, research has shown that people who forgive report more energy, better appetite (胃口) and better sleep patterns. "People who forgive show less anger and more hopefulness," says Dr. Freder­ic Luskin, who wrote the book Forgive for Good. " So it can help save on the wear and tear on .our system and allow people to feel more energetic."

So when someone has hurt you, calm yourself first. Take a couple of breaths and think of some­thing that gives you pleasure: a beautiful scene in nature, someone you love. Don' t wait for an apology. "Many times the person who hurt you may never think of apologizing," says Dr. Luskin. "They may have wanted to hurt you or they just don't see things the same way. So if you wait for people to apologize, you could be waiting a very long time. " Keep in mind that forgiveness does not necessarily mean accepting the action of the person who upset you. Mentally going over your hurt gives power to the person who brought you pain. Instead, learn to look for the love, beauty and kindness around you. Finally, try to see things from the other person' s perspective 视角). You may realize that he or she-was acting out of ignorance (无知) , fear - even love. To gain perspec­tive, you may want to write a letter to yourself from that person' s point of view.

65. The text is mainly written to explain _______.

A. how to keep yourself from being hurt

B. how to stay mentally healthy

C. how and when to remain calm

D. why and how to pardon others

66. According to the writer, what is the right way to calm down after being hurt?

A. Try to figure out why you get hurt.

B. Write a letter to the person who hurt you.

C. Persuade yourself to accept what others have done to you.

D. Think about pleasant things and forget about the hurt.

67. Dr. Luskin advises us not to wait for an apology after being hurt because ______.

A. we are not patient enough

B. we' d feel worse accepting others' apology

C. people seldom want to apologize

D. people don' t mean it when they apologize

D

Before a new type of airplane goes into service, every part of it is tested again and again. But there are two tests that are more important than all the others.

The first is called the " tank test". A modem airplane must fly very high in the sky. Air must be pumped into the plane so that the passengers can breathe. The metal structure (结构)of the plane has to be very strong for this reason. When the plane is filled with air, the air presses against the skin of the plane inside. The pressure (压力) on a small window is like a huge foot that is try­ing to get out. If a small part of the plane were to fail, the plane would explode in the sky. To test the structure of the plane, the plane is lowered into a huge tank or container of water. Then it is filled with air. Vne pressure inside the plane is greater than it ever will be when it is high up in the air. Finally, there is an explosion. This does not cause so much damage inside the water tank as it would anywhere else. Engineers can discover which part of the plane has broken. Then that part is made stronger.

The most dangerous test happens when the new plane is going through test flights in the air. The test pilot must find out exactly what happens when the engines (发动机) are all shut off at once. The plane begins to fall like a stone. It is the pilot' s job to find out how he can get control of the plane again. These two tests are examples of how planes are made safe before they ever carry passengers.

68. By doing the "tank test", the engineers can find out _______.

A. the amount of air in the plane 

B. the strength of the plane structure

C. the. pressure inside and outside the plane 

D. the power of the airplane engines

69. What will happen to the plane under the "tank test"?

A. It will be broken. 

B. It will be made stronger.

C. It will be filled with water. 

D. It will be tested by pilots,

70. According to the text, why are test flights most dangerous?

A. The plane may explode in the air. 

B. The pilot may lose control of the plane.

C. The engines may be damaged. 

D. Too much air may get into the plane.

71. What might be the most suitable title for the text?

A. Two Important Tests on Airplanes

B. The Importance of Flying Safely

C. The Danger of Testing Airplanes

D. How Airplanes Are Made and Tested


E

If you are a recent social science graduate who has had to listen to jokes about unemployment from your computer major classmates, you may have had the last laugh. There are many advantages for the social science major because this high-tech "Information Age" demands people who are flexi­ble (灵活的) and who have good communication skills.

There are many social science majors in large companies who fill important positions. For exam­ple , a number of research studies found that social science majors had achieved greater managerial success than those who had technical training or pre-professional courses. Studies show that social science majors are most suited for change, which is the leading feature (特点) of the kind of high­ speed, high-pressure, high-tech world we now live in.

Social science majors are not only experiencing success in their long-term company jobs, but they are also finding jobs more easily. A study showed that many companies had filled a large per­centage of their entry-level positions with social science graduates. The study also showed that the most sought-after quality in a person who was looking for a job was communication skills, noted as "very important" by 92 percent of the companies. Social science majors have these skills, often without knowing how important they are. It is probably due to these skills that they have been offered a wide variety of positions.

Finally, although some social science majors may still find it more difficult than their technical­ly trained classmates to land the first job, recent graduates report that they don' t regret their choice of study.

72. By saying that "you may have had the last laugh" in the first paragraph, the author means that you may have _______.

A. shared the jokes with computer majors

B. earned as much as computer majors

C. found jobs more easily than computer majors

D. stopped joking about computer majors

73. Compared with graduates of other subjects, social science graduates ______.

A. are ready to change when situations change

B. are better able to deal with difficulties

C. are equally good at computer skills

D. are likely to give others pressure

74. The underlined word "land" in the last paragraph probably means _______.

A. keep for some time

B. successfully get

C. immediately start

D. lose regretfully

75. According to the text, what has made it easy for social science graduates to find jobs?

A. Willingness to take low-paid jobs.

B. Readiness to gain high-tech knowledge.

C. Skills in expressing themselves.

D. Part-time work experience.

第二卷(共35分)??

第四部分:写作(共两节,满分35分)??

第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)??

此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行作出判断:如无错误,在该行右边的横线上画一个勾(√);如有错误(每行只有一个错误),则按下列情况改正:

该行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线(\)划掉。

该行缺一个词:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。

该行错一个词:在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。

注意:原行没有错的不要改。??

Dear Ralph,

I’m a newcomer here of a small town. I would 76. _____

describe myself as shy and quietly. Before my classmates, 77. _____

it seems always difficult for roe to do things well as 78. _____ 

them. I'm sure they will laugh to me and see me as 79. _____

a fool. So I feel unhappy every day. 80. _____ 

Besides, I have few friends. I don't know that they 81. _____

don't like to talk with me. Sometimes, we talked to each other 82. _____ 

very well in class, but after class we become stranger at 83. _____

once. I am trying to improve the situation since it doesn’t 84. _____

seem to work. Can you tell me about what I should do? 85. _____

Yours,

Xiao Wei

第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

假设你是李华,你在报上看到北京电视台今年七月将举办外国人“学中文,唱中文歌”才艺大赛。你的美国朋友Peter正在北京一所大学学中文,你觉得他应去试一试。请按以下要点给他写信告知此事,并表示可以提供帮助。

比赛时间:7 月18日

报名时间:截止到6月30日

报名地点:北京电视台

注意:

1.词数:100左右

2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯

3.参考词汇:才艺大赛—talent show

Dear Peter,

 

 

Yours,

Li Hua

 

 

2004年全国普通高考英语试卷(全国卷)答 案

听力原文材料

1. W: Good morning, Mr. Li. Did you sleep well last night after your long flight?
M: Good morning. Yes, I did. I feel totally rested and I’m now ready for our meeting.

2. M: We could go to a ball game this evening or would you rather eat in a restaurant and then see a film?
W: To tell you the truth, I can’t really go anywhere this evening, because I’m expecting an important phone call.

3. W: Have you got any idea what to buy for Mary’s birthday?
M: Well, I’ll get her a new schoolbag, and I promise to take her to a film. What about you?
W: Oh, I haven’t decided yet. I’ll probably buy her that new music record, as she likes it so much.

4. W: So, what do you usually do in your free time?
M: At the moment I’m spending much of my free time learning German. I also enjoy playing the piano.
W: Do you play any sports?
M: Not much. But I go to the sports club and work out once a week.

5. M: Did you have a lot of friends when you were young?
W: I didn’t really make any close friends then and because I like going off in the morning. And I mean, this was on the school holidays: riding a bike away with a few books in the basket and finding a nice place to read.

6. M: Well, we’ll certainly stay here again next time we’re passing through.
W: Good. Do let us know in advance and we’ll try to get you the same room.
M: That would be lovely. It may be quite soon in fact.
W: Oh? How is that?
M: Well. We are driving to the South of Spain in the next couple of days and we may come back this way.
W: Do give us a ring if you decide to. I hope you’ll have a pleasant trip.

7. M: Great! This supermarket has everything. I hope this comes to under 75 dollars because I don’t have much money left.
W: That comes to 75 dollars and 5 cents.
M: I knew it. I knew I’d be over.
W: Well. Don’t worry about the 5 cents. They’ll go. Have a nice day.


8. W: John, I thought you were going to leave early today to take your son to the show.
M: I’m still planning to. But I can’t leave until I finish typing all the letters.
W: Can you leave that until tomorrow?
M: No. The boss wants them first thing tomorrow morning.
W: How many have you got left?
M: About five.
W: Why don’t you just go ahead, John? I’ll do the letters for you.
M: Thank you very much, Janet. You’re so kind.

9. M: Customer service. Andney Grant speaking. How may I help you?
W: I can’t believe this is happening. I called and ordered a 32-inch bag last Friday. But today I found that you sent a 24-inch one. I was planning to use that bag during our vacation in Mexico, but it doesn’t seem possible any more because we will take off on Saturday. It’s only two days away. What am I supposed to do?
M: I’m really sorry, madam. I’ll check right away. Would you please tell me your order number?
W: It’s CE2938.
M: Just a minute. I do apologize, madam. There did seem to be a mistake. I’ll have the correct size bag sent to you by overnight mail right away. It will arrive in time for your Saturday trip. Again I apologize for any inconvenience caused by our mistake. I promise it won’t happen again.
W: Ok. Well. Thank you.
M: Thank you, madam, for choosing Linch mail. I hope you will a wonderful vacation.

10.M: Juliet, you chose not to go to college. Why? Was it about money?
W: Well. I don’t want to sit here and say I was too poor to go to college. But the fact is that we didn’t have the money, though my mum probably could have made enough somehow. I probably could have worked harder at school and gotten better grades, so, it is really, I didn’t get to go to college. I had a wish to go to school every other week. It wasn’t just my path.
M: At the time did you feel that you were missing something?
W: My best friend went off to university and I just remember every time I talk to her. It all sounded so fun and so great. Here I was selling ten shoes and getting on the bus every day to work in town. We both thought the other’s life was so much more exciting. I was trying hard to make enough to pay for my own flat every two months and that seemed so exciting to her. And she would talk about studying for finals, and going to parties, and I thought, God, she is so perfect.

 

 

1---5 BABAC 6---10 ABBCA 11----15 CBCAC 16---20 CACBB

21---25 DACAB 26---30 DCAAD 31---35 BCAAD

36---40 AABDA 41---45 BDDCB 46---50 DCACB 51---55 ACDBD

56---60 BDABC 61---65 ADACD 66---70 DCBAB 71---75 ACABC

76. of→from 77. quietly→quiet 78. well 前加as 79. to→at 80. √

81. that→why 82. talked→talk 83. stranger→strangers 84. since→but 85. 去掉about

One possible version:

内容要点:

1.才艺大赛的内容和对象

2.比赛时间

3.报名时间和地点

4.建议参加,表示可提供帮助

Dear Peter,

I read in a newspaper today that a “Learn Chinese, Sing Chinese Songs” Foreigners’ Talent Show will be held in Beijing Television Station on July 18. I know you like singing, and you are in Beijing during that period. I think this is a good chance for you to show your singing talent, and how well you’ve learned Chinese. If you would like to try, you' U have to go to the TV station to sign up before the end of June. If there is anything I can do for you, I would be more than glad to help.

Yours,

Li Hua

 

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