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2005年10月高教自学考试英语阅读(二)

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时间:2006-05-09 21:17  389次点击 | 0 关注
全国2005年10月高等教育自学考试英语阅读(二)试题

  课程代码:00596

  请将答案填在答题纸相应位置上

  Section One Vocabulary (30 Points)

  I. Match the words in Column A with their definitions in Column B. Write the letter of the answer to each word in Column A on your Answer Sheet. (10 points, 1 point for each)

  (A) (B)

  1. assess A. danger

  2. assemble B. skillful

  3. execute C. causing much argument or disagreement

  4. hazard D. obviously, clearly

  5. scarcity E. fix or put together

  6. regulator F. judge the quality or worth of

  7. strategic G. carry out

  8. controversial H. easily harmed, hurt or wounded

  9. vulnerable I. a person who makes others to obey rules

  10. apparently J. inadequate supply compared with demand

  Ⅱ. Read each of the following sentences carefully. Choose A, B, C or D that has the closest meaning to the underlined word or phrase and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. (10 points, 1 point for each)

  11. One important reason for many of the accidents in the nuclear plants is that safety procedures were either inadequate or ignored.

  A. underestimated B. overdone

  C. unnoticed D. overlooked

  12. The third meaning of the term “foreign exchange” is that it covers, in a general way, the rates at which foreign exchange is quoted.

  A. removes B. conceals

  C. reports D. treats

  13. As spring comes to Bering Sea, whales, seals and many other migrating animals are swimming southward through the Bering channels.

  A. traveling B. mating

  C. wandering D. breeding

  14. Observation is much more precise beyond the atmosphere, because the sky is darker.

  A. apparent B. accurate

  C. impressive D. enjoyable

  15. Forecasters have to take into account a broad diversity of themes.

  A. disagreement B. division

  C. variety D. intensity

  16. The British government has been urged to make an inquiry into a nuclear plant because there have been too many accidents there.

  A. look into B. ask about

  C. search for D. seek after

  17. The pilgrims had been to Jerusalem to worship the God when the tragedy happened.

  A. tourists B. worshipers

  C. viewers D. tramps

  18. Dr. Owen is taking the issue further by pressing for a scrutiny of the accident-prone plant itself.

  A. a supervision B. a solution

  C. an inspection D. a discussion

  19. In modern industry, water fulfills several essential functions.

  A. ideal B. actual

  C. compulsory D. necessary

  20. “Good writing”, says Harvard University historian Richard Marius, “is a kind of wrestling with thought.”

  A. trying hard to bring out ideas B. trying hard with imagination

  C. collecting information D. striving for explanation

  Ⅲ. Scan the following passage and find the words which have roughly the meanings given below. Write the word you choose in the corresponding space on your Answer Sheet. (10 points, 1 point for each)

  Note: The numbers in the brackets refer to the numbers of paragraphs in the passage.

  21. chemicals that form into chains of protein (1)

  22. suggested (1)

  23. a celestial object that lands on earth (2)

  24. scarce (3)

  25. persons who have different opinions and doubts (3)

  26. was in charge of (3)

  27. matter (4)

  28. large moving celestial bodies (4)

  29. let out (5)

  30. connect (6)

  (1) George Grow Scientists say they have found two unusual amino acids in ancient rocks in Denmark. They say their findings provide support for the idea that dinosaurs died after a huge space rock hit Earth sixty-five million years ago. The idea that dinosaurs died after a space crash was proposed in 1980 by scientists at the University of California at Berkeley.

  (2) Those scientists said a huge comet hit Earth at great speed. The crash created a large cloud of dust. The cloud blocked sunlight from reaching Earth. Without sunlight, Earth’s weather cooled sharply. The cold weather killed plants and other foods the dinosaurs ate. Soon, the animals were all dead.

  (3) The California scientists proposed this idea after finding large amounts of the element iridium. The element was in a layer of ground formed about the time dinosaurs died. Iridium is rare on Earth. But large amounts are found in space objects such as asteroids and comets. Critics of this idea say the iridium may not have come from space. They say it could have been created by volcanoes on Earth. The latest study was headed by Jeffrey Bada and Meixun Zhao of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in California.

  (4) The scientists examined rocks from Stevns Klint in Denmark. They found large amounts of two unusual amino acids near a lager of iridium. The amino acids were in a layer formed about the same time dinosaurs died. The scientists looked for these substances in rocks from other time periods. They found none. The scientists noted that the two amino acids are found in meteorites, but are rare on Earth. The scientists said they probably did not come from Earth’s volcanoes.

  (5) Surprisingly, the two amino acids found in Denmark were not found in the same layer as iridium. They were found above and below it. The scientists say the amino acids may have leaked out of the iridium layer.

  (6) A separate report said there is little question that the amino acids came from space. And it said the amino acids are dated correctly. But it said more investigation is needed to link the acids with the death of dinosaurs.

  Section Two Reading Comprehension (40 Points)

  Ⅳ. Skim the following pasasge and read the statements given right after the passage and judge whether they are true or false. Write“T”for true and“F”for false on your Answer Sheet. (10 points, 1 point for each)

  (1) A crucial political transition in Iraq began at the end of the occupation on June 28 and will last until the general elections set for December 31,2005, as has been documented in the supreme law of today’s Iraq, the Transitional Administrative Law. The interim government was sworn in on June 1, waiting to take the reigns of sovereignty from the Coalition Provisional Authority. Questions remain whether, in the coming 18 months, the interim government can revive Iraq’s sluggish post-war reconstruction and exert effective control over the country.

  (2) First of all, the legitimacy of the new government remains an issue. The president, vice presidents, prime minister and ministers have all been appointed, not elected popularly. Both President Ghazi al-Yawer and Prime Minister Iyad Allawi were plucked from the U.S.-picked Governing Council. Also, one third of the new cabinet are also members of the council. The only difference between the interim government and the Governing Council is that all the 25 members of the council were appointed by the United States alone, while the 33 members of coming government have a UN stamp of approval. As the interim government, like the Governing Council, was not elected by the Iraqi people, its authority as a pro-democratic institution is questionable.

  (3) The second unknown is whether the interim government can establish some kind of power balance. The Transitional Administrative Law says that the interim government is a federal body consisting of legislative, executive and judicial authorities. The National Congress (275 members) is the legislature. The presidency council (one president and two vice presidents) and the council of ministers (including the prime minister) constitute the executive offices, while the judiciary is made up of a higher judicial council and a federal supreme court, including its branches. Based on a “checks and balances”system among the legislature, judicial and executive bodies, the three branches of government, in theory, provide decentralized balance of powers inside a federal framework, which is based on the government of the United States.

  (4) It is still to be seen whether the interim government can agree on a workable constitution and relinquish authority to the will of the Iraqi people once elections do take place. According to the Transitional Administrative Law, from the handover to the end of 2005, Iraq will hold several regional elections, including two for the national congress. There will also be a national referendum on the constitution. The UN will dispatch a group to facilitate the process, but it will not be easy.

  (5) Iraq had long been under the role of a hereditary monarch and then a military general after a coup in 1958. Saddam Hussein had exercised heavy-handed rule, allowing no political opposition in the country. Most Iraqis have never experienced democratic rights and may indeed find it hard initially to adapt themselves to such a system. The interim government, therefore, faces a task to implement a political system that Iraqis are neither familiar with nor fully trusting of. Nor are the new leaders.

  (6) Furthermore, numerous political factions, religious sects and tribes in Iraq remain deep-rooted. Kurds, in the mountainous north, accounting for 22 percent of Iraqi population, have a standing army of nearly 70,000. Many locals do not want to let go of the de facto autonomy they have had, under U. S. and British air protection, since the 1991 Gulf war. Hussein attempted to subjugate the Kurds under his role, so they have thus been very cooperative with the coalition army.

  (7) Yet another variable is whether the interim government can independently exert state power. Despite the explicit support of the UN (supposed to represent the international community), the interim government is still on the leash of the United States, though perceptions may vary to what degree and for how long this will be the case. It is undeniable, nonetheless, that this new government will have limited power. The United States will keep its 138,000 troops in Iraq at least for the duration of the transitional period. The new Iraqi Government has expressed its wish to have, at minimum, a supervisory role in military operations after the turnover. But the Iraqi army and police force will continue to be largely under U. S. leadership. It is very possible, especially in the election of 2005, that there will be differences between the U. S. authorities and the Iraqi Government to regarding the rate at which the army is put under Iraq control.

  (8) The security situation in Iraq is still very volatile. Since U. S. President George W. Bush declared the end to major combat on May 1 last year, terrorist bombings against coalition forces and UN personnel as well as Iraqi people have continued, worsening as of late. Several kidnappings of foreigners have occurred. Worse still, the prisoner abuse scandal has seriously eroded U. S. and British credibility in Iraq. Many Iraqis see occupation forces as an invader and occupier rather than liberator. The political vacuum in Iraq has allowed Al Qaeda to extend its violent campaign to Iraq. How the interim government will restore law and the people’s loyalty is yet to be seen.

  31. The Iraqi transitional government took over in June 28 but it would not be a democratically elected government.

  32. The governing period for the Iraqi interim government is about 16 months.

  33. One third of the 33 members of the new government come from the Governing Council.

  34. In paragraph 3, the writer doubts that the interim government can provide a decentralized balance of power like the U. S. model.

  35. Iraq will hold both regional elections for the National Congress and a national referendum on the constitution after 2005.

  36. Before Saddam Hussein’s regime, Iraq had been ruled by a monarch.

  37. There are doubts about whether the new government can make decisions independently and restore law and people’s loyalty.

  38. The Iraqi people welcome restoration of a political system though they are not so familiar with it.

  39. People both inside and outside Iraq expect that the security situation will turn better after the takeover of the new government.

  40. The writer expresses doubts and uncertainties about the new government’s chances of success in the following year.

  Ⅴ. Read the following passages and choose the correct answer, Write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. (20 points, 1 point for each)

  Passage 1

  (1) Can environmentalists learn to love loggers? The World Bank certainly hopes so. It has just unveiled a new forestry policy that embraces a controversial but promising approach to conserving the rainforest: sustainable harvesting.

  (2) After unrelenting criticism from non-governmental groups, the agency adopted a policy a decade ago that sharply curtailed lending for forestry. That pleased some radical greens, who wanted an outright ban on all lending to logging companies. It even suited some senior bank staff just fine, since they were tired of being abused by environmentalists, they were happy to divert money instead into uncontroversial areas such as education. The snag was that deforestation continued in the developing world even faster, some argued, because the agency had walked away from the industry and left it to the real baddies. Even the World Bank’s internal audit department heaped scorn on that approach.

  (3) Now, says the bank, it will start lending seriously to forestry again. However, the companies and countries involved must adhere to a code of good behavior: clear-cutting and over-harvesting are out; low-impact logging and“sustainable use”by local people are in. The aim, the bank says, is to improve“the livelihoods of some 500m people living in extreme poverty, who depend on forests, while improving the environmental protection of forests in the developing world. ”

  (4) Could a flood of money benefit the world’s rainforests? Optimists think that sustainable harvesting will“crowd out”the unsustainable kind. Maybe. But money alone will not do much, argues Frances Seymour of the World Resources Institute, a think-tank in Washington, D. C. She reckons that lack of clear property rights, murky licensing arrangements and outright corruption-rather than lack of money-are what drives deforestation in many poor countries.

  (5) Moreover, seemingly unrelated policies, such as those offering subsidies for agricultural expansion or road-building, can often make even the most virtuous forestry policy irrelevant. If the bank is to do much good for the rainforest, concludes Guillermo Castilleja of the WWW, an activist group, it must be willing to use its influence in national capitals to push countries and companies towards greener policies overall, not just in forestry. The message seems to be getting through. As Ian Johnson, the World Bank’s vice president for the environment, puts it,“what happens outside the forest is at least as important as what happens inside.”

  41. The new forestry policy issued by the World Bank is more likely to favor______.

  A. logging companies B. green environmentalists

  C. bank staff D. non-governmental agencies

  42. The World Bank’s new policy will_______.

  A. satisfy all parties involved B. win over environmentalists

  C. see no chances of success D. adopt another approach to loggers

  43. The World Bank’s new policy aims at_______.

  A. lending money to forestry

  B. promoting a code of good behavior

  C. developing a sustainable-use attitude in forestry

  D. regulating forestry in some developing countries

  44. Paragraph 2 intends to show _______.

  A. a debate over the Bank’s new policy

  B. grounds for the Bank’s new approach

  C. criticism from environmentalists

  D. outcome of the previous policy

  45. The writer implies that the World Bank’s previous policy was welcomed by many groups EXCEPT ______ .

  A. green environmentalists B. non-governmental organizations

  C. some senior bank staff D. logging companies

  46. The new policy will NOT encourage _______.

  A. low-impact cutting B. clear-logging

  C. sustainable harvest D. lending to forestry

  47. Which statement is NOT accurate for paragraph 4?

  A. Money won’t work at all.

  B. Sustainable harvest will be obtained.

  C. Rainforests will be maintained.

  D. Unsustainable harvest will die out.

  48. According to Frances Seymour, the factor that will LEAST affect the outcome of the Bank’s new policy is _______.

  A. lack of clear property rights B. murky licensing arrangements

  C. outright corruption D. lack of money

  49. Which of the following is NOT listed as a factor that will influence the success of the new policy?

  A. Subsidies for agriculture. B. Road expansion.

  C. Adoption of green policy. D. Capital from local government.

  50. The last paragraph focuses on _______.

  A. pointing out irrelevant policies

  B. protecting rainforests

  C. putting forward suggestions

  D. pushing greener policies

  Passage 2

  (1) More and more Japanese want to work for the gaijin. They have stood up to be counted, and they are just over a million strong. That is how many Japanese now work for foreign firms operating in their country, according to the Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO), which released its first survey of foreign firms’ employment on October 22nd. By the standards of rich economies, that is still a small number: roughly 2.3% of the workforce, compared with well over 5% in the United States and Germany. But given the insularity and inflexibility that still hobble too many Japanese firms, this small source of alternative jobs offers an outlet for those who are getting a raw deal in corporate Japan.

  (2) In general, foreign firms in Japan attract people whose talents are either under-rewarded or allowed to waste away in local companies. That applies especially to women, who despite high education levels are in much less rewarding white-collar jobs than their western counterparts. Indeed, bright Japanese women lose out to slower and lazier men so frequently in office jobs that even being a flight attendant is considered a high-flying career for more than the obvious reason. Of the Japanese firms that female graduates most want to work for, two are airlines and one is NHK, a large broadcaster.

  (3) In such an environment, foreign companies are only too happy to recruit female talent. JETRO, which like most Japanese organizations seems uninterested in whether such talent is being wasted, did not bother to count how many of those million workers were women. But judging by the number of overqualified female MBAs and law-school graduates who are queuing for even a basic job as a secretary, it is a high percentage.

  (4) Men who want to be paid for their performance –i. e. , those who are clever and productive-are also increasingly drawn towards foreign firms. This is not surprising, since many Japanese companies continue to reward conformity and seniority over cleverness and talent. Jesper Koll, chief economist at Merrill Lynch in Tokyo, points out that the spread between salaries in Japan has begun to rise over the past few years, though it is still much lower than in Britain or the United States. One reason for this, he says, is that pay-for-performance is increasing in Japan. Foreign firms appear to be leading this trend, which started with foreign investment banks.

  (5) To some extent, however, bright young Japanese college graduates are still drawn towards Japanese companies that are considered safe and prestigious. Unsurprisingly, the three most popular places for male university graduates are Sony, Honda and Toyota. And IBM Japan, which young Japanese say is ninth on their list of favorite employers, is now considered to be practically a Japanese company by many locals.

  (6) However, if Japanese firms learn to tap Japanese talents, some may recruit professionals who have worked for a foreign firm, as some Japanese banks have tentatively begun to do. Might that tiny 2.3% of the workforce contain a bigger share of Japan’s future business leaders?

  51. Generally foreign firms in Japan are attractive to those who _______.

  A. appreciate western culture B. want to have some new experience

  C. want to take a new challenge D. want to realize their worth

  52. Japanese women work in foreign firms because they _______.

  A. have a good education background

  B. don’t like their own lazier male colleagues

  C. admire their American counterparts

  D. get better treatment for their merits

  53. Female graduates prefer to work for Japanese airlines and NHK because they _______.

  A. can travel a lot to many countries

  B. enjoy flying from place to place

  C. can dress well and make a good money

  D. don’t have to compete with male colleagues

  54. The way JETRO conducted its survey released in October indicates that this organization

  _______.

  A. reports the percentage of female workers in the work force

  B. concerns with the lack of equal opportunity for female talents

  C. has the same attitude toward female talents as most other Japanese firms

  D. considers the percentage of work force working in foreign firms is small

  55. Jesper Koll, chief economist in Tokyo, points out that _______.

  A. foreign firms are leading trends in Japan

  B. the salaries for employees are now on the rise

  C. the gap in salaries becomes larger now in Japan

  D. pay-for-performance is widely accepted in Japan

  56. The man who is _______ will probably NOT go to a foreign firm.

  A. clever B. productive

  C. competent D. veteran

  57. Japanese companies such as Sony, Honda and Toyota are still attractive to bright male graduates as these companies will give them a sense of _______.

  A. belonging B. security

  C. pride D. fame

  58. The tone the writer uses in describing Japanese firms is _______.

  A. favorable B. hostile

  C. critical D. neutral

  59. Which is most likely to be true about the writer? The writer is _______.

  A. a westerner B. Japanese

  C. from JETRO D. a job applicant

  60. From the article we can draw a conclusion that most Japanese firms rely heavily on _______ for promotion.

  A. merits B. talents

  C. seniority D. attitude

  Ⅵ. The following passage is taken from the textbook. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer. Write the corresponding letter of the answer on your Answer Sheet. (10 points, 1 point for each)

  (1) The whole world seemed to be black, black nothingness. The sky was black with bright, shining stars that never twinkled. The sun, a white, burning disk, seemed to hang in the black velvet of the surrounding heavens. This was the scene that spread before the eyes of the first astronaut who left his spaceship to walk in outer space. The name of the Russian astronaut who performed this feat was Leonov, and the date of his walk in space was March 18, 1965. Several months later a similar feat was performed by the first American astronaut to walk in space. Both of these“space walkers”had spent months previous to their flight learning how to control their movements under the strange conditions which exist in space. Wearing their thick space suits, they learned to deal with an environment where there is neither weight nor gravity, neither“up”nor“down”.

  (2) We do not realize how much we depend on the earth’s gravity until we are deprived of it. Then our feet no longer stay on the ground, we float around in the air, and the slightest touch may send us drifting off in the opposite direction.

  (3) In the laboratories where astronauts are trained for their journeys, they are subjected to conditions that resemble those of flight. It takes time for them to prepare for the great changes that occur in space. When the spaceship leaves the earth at tremendous speed, the astronauts feel as if they are being crushed against the spaceship floor. Later, when they leave the zone of the earth’s gravitation, they are unable to stay in one place, Simple actions, such as eating and drinking, become very difficult to perform. You may get an inkling of what the astronauts have to deal with if you try to drink a glass of water while standing on your head or while just lying down.

  (4) The beginnings of man’s conquest of space took place in 1958, seven years before Leonov’s trip. The first successful launching of“Sputnik”demonstrated that it was indeed possible to send objects far enough out of range of earth’s gravity so that they would not fall back to earth. Rather, such objects could be forced to revolve about the earth, just as the moon does. However, while the moon is so far from earth that it takes it a month to revolve around the earth, manmade satellites, which are closer to earth, can make a complete revolution in a few hours.

  (5) It was three years after the first satellite launching that a spaceship containing a man made a successful flight. The flight lasted less than two hours, but it pointed the way to future developments.

  (6) Other planets are so far away that spaceships must attain tremendous speeds to reach them in a reasonable time. If spaceships were launched from space or from the moon, the absence of weight would permit the ships to be launched with great speed at reduced pressures. A relatively small explosion would be enough to send a ship off at a very fast rate. And, since there is no atmosphere in space as there is on earth, the spaceship would meet with no resistance. To illustrate this point, remember how strong the wind feels if we are traveling fast in a car; then imagine a car traveling through an area where there is no wind. The windless condition is comparable to the condition in outer space.

  (7) The first astronaut to walk in space, Leonov, and his companion, Beliaiev, began making preparations for the walk as soon as their spaceship was launched. The spaceship was equipped with a double door, which was fitted with a bellows between the ship and the outside. This made it possible for the astronaut, in his space suit with oxygen supply, to go first from the air-filled ship to the bellows. Then the air was let out of the bellows, and, while the man stepped outside, the air inside the ship remained at normal pressure. If the door had opened directly into space, the air in the ship would have rushed out and been lost when the door opened.

  (8) Leonov and Beliaiev practiced testing the doors several times after they had begun revolving around the earth. When the time came for Leonov to go out, his companion helped him attach the cable that was to keep him from floating away from the ship. Then Leonov entered the bellows, and the door closed behind him. As the air was let out of the bellows, he felt his suit swell up because of the air pressure inside. When there was no air left in the bellows, the outer door opened, and Leonov could see, simultaneously, the blackness of space and the blinding light of the sun.

  (9) If the sky appears blue to us on earth, it is because the earth’s atmosphere absorbs a certain number of blue rays of sunlight. Out where there is no air, this phenomenon does not take place. On the earth, our atmosphere diffuses light so that, when the sun is up, light seems to be everywhere. However, in the airless realms of outer space, strong lights, such as the sun, exist side by side with a dark similar to the dark of the blackest night. The absence of air also explains why the stars do not seem to twinkle in space, as they do from the earth.

  (10) Leonov reported that the earth appeared as a huge, round disk, filling a large part of the sky. He found that the relief of hills and mountains was more easily observed from that distance than from a plane flying at a few thousand feet.

  (11) While Leonov was outside the ship, he kept in touch by telephone with his companion and with the earth. He opened the shutter of the movie camera, which made a record of what he did and saw. When the signal was given for him to return to the ship, he was enjoying the cosmos so much that he was disappointed to have to stop his wanderings so soon.

  61. A great problem astronauts have to overcome in space travel is _______.

  A. gaining speed at set-off B. going through the bellows

  C. keeping their suits intact D. moving at the loss of gravity

  62. … they are subjected to conditions that resemble those of flight (paragraph 3). The underlined part means _______.

  A. they are exposed to B. they are attracted to

  C. they are referred to D. they are confined to

  63. The successful launch of Sputnik is significant in that _______.

  A. it enables men to walk on the moon

  B. it is possible to send men to space right away

  C. it proves that spaceship can launch from space

  D. flying objects can break away from the earth’s gravity

  64. The launch of the first spacecraft containing a man took place in _______.

  A. 1958 B. 1961

  C. 1965 D. 1969

  65. Artificial satellites go faster round the earth than the moon because the former travel _______.

  A. at a lower orbit round the earth B. at a higher orbit round the earth

  C. at a faster speed with less pressure D. at a slower speed with more pressure

  66. The best place from which to launch a spaceship to other planets is probably _______.

  A. North America B. the equator

  C. a satellite in space D. a station on the earth

  67. Leonov’s spaceship had a double door in order to _______.

  A. prevent the loss of air

  B. keep the inside spaceship warm

  C. accustom the astronaut to the lack of air

  D. give him time to attach himself to the ship

  68. What do you know about Leonov’s space walk?

  A. It lasted longer than planned. B. It lasted longer than he wished.

  C. It stopped unexpectedly. D. It lasted shorter than he wished.

  69. In space the sky appears dark because _______.

  A. the sun does not shine there

  B. there is no atmosphere

  C. the earth’s atmosphere takes all the blue rays

  D. the earth’s atmosphere takes all the rays from the sun

  70. The passage is most likely to appear in a _______.

  A. science fiction book B. history book

  C. popular science book D. science journal

  Section Three Questions & Translation (30 Points)

  Ⅶ. The following questions are closely related to the passage in Item Ⅵ. Write a brief answer (one to three complete sentences) to each of the questions on your Answer Sheet. Pay attention to the words, grammar and sentence structure in your answers. (15 points, 3 points for each)

  71. What does the outer space look like?

  72. What would happen if the earth had no gravity?

  73. What experiment does the writer suggest we take in order to have a real feel of the conditions to which the astronauts are exposed in space?

  74. What difference would it make to launch spaceships from the moon to reach other planets?

  75. How did Leonov feel and what did he find during his walk in space?

  Ⅷ. Translate the following sentences (taken from the passage in Item Ⅵ) into Chinese. Write the Chinese version in the corresponding space on your Answer Sheet. (15 points, 3 points for each)

  76. Wearing their thick space suits, they learned to deal with an environment where there is neither weight nor gravity, neither“up”nor“down”.

  77. We do not realize how much we depend on the earth’s gravity until we are deprived of it. Then our feet no longer stay on the ground, we float around in the air, and the slightest touch may send us drifting off in the opposite direction.

  78. In the laboratories where astronauts are trained for their journeys, they are subjected to conditions that resemble those of flight. It takes time for them to prepare for the great changes that occur in space. When the spaceship leaves the earth at tremendous speed, the astronauts feel as if they are being crushed against the spaceship floor.

  79. Other planets are so far away that spaceships must attain tremendous speeds to reach them in a reasonable time. If spaceships were launched from space or from the moon, the absence of weight would permit the ships to be launched with great speed at reduced pressures.

  80. Leonov reported that the earth appeared as a huge, round disk, filling a large part of the sky. He found that the relief of hills and mountains was more easily observed from that distance than from a plane flying at a few thousand feet.

  (来源:天一文化)

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  • Roberhoaddy [专业四级] ,2017-05-25
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  • aa0624 [高中英语] ,4个月前
    {2018年6月22日} 七月,突然爆发人类最大金融海啸!
    作者:   罗氦
    时间 :  2018年6月22日      星期五      农历五月初九
           苏联卫国战争爆发77周年纪念日  伏羲    上证综指28⑧9.76点  
    本人 邮.箱 :
    126  用户名: mmdd2016     s i n a  c o m   用户名:  mmdd2016
    126  用户名: iii217               s i n a   c n    用户名:  iii217
    突然的,全球金融雪崩 、彻 底 崩 溃 ;
    没有什么,“谁也没想到”、“友邦惊诧”黑天鹅白天鹅哥拉斯;
    一切都是,蓄谋已久的,精心策划 --- 惊天魔盗团。贼喊捉贼。
    1  2018年七月开始,将会爆发,人类最大金融海啸,
    全球股市、金融市场连续跌亭大崩盘。
    {大盘连续或稍稍间断30/40多个跌亭板 }
    太久的忍耐时机筹谋,财狼们终于要动手了;
    虎虎虎。亦喜亦忧。大吉大凶。
    其实,破位从6月19日就已经开始了,只是没有人意识到来的竟然是
    山般恐怖巨大的哥斯拉 。
    2   全球连续跌停大崩盘的见底点位:
    上证综指160点左右,见底{166④的十分之一}。
    以今天上正宗指28⑧9.76计算,大约“瞬间”跌去 18倍。
    也可能,上证综指95.79点,见底。
    最震撼的推倒重来,竟然只是,洗盘 !!
    贵州茅台以今天收盘价766.53元计算,跌去32倍 ,
    二次探底历史最低价20.71元。
    2017创71次历史新高的道琼斯,跌去32倍,6④0点见底 ---
    {6④40.08点的十分之一};
    恒生指数跌至1000点见底。
    24580.⑧9---→ 6④0点   ;    29338.70 --→ 1000点
    仙股满天飞。
        谜底,让你吃惊的合不拢嘴。这就对了。
        我强调,我重申,股价跌去97% ,跌去97%,不是庄稼们 发 疯 了,
        而是,他们,早已筹谋的,既定共同战略布局。
        不把散户完全吓的 屁 滚 尿 流,如何能达到,彻 底 洗 盘 的目的 ??
        跌去九成,就像1929,对老股民来说,已经习以为常;中国股市,
        曾经跌去90%的股票,比比皆是。
        跌去九成,已经,无法充分刺激震撼、撕 裂 老股民、私募的神 经 系 统 。
    五重斩,五福临门:
    5178 ÷ 2 ÷ 2 ÷ 2 ÷ 2 ÷ 2 = 162点
    为何,大盘160点左右见底??
    本人在:
    【2016年3月11日】四论,全球塴盘的见底点位。
    【2015年9月26日】三论,全球塴盘的见底点位。
    ……  ……
    几篇文章之中有模糊的猜测论证,网上可以搜到。
    忽然之间,天崩地裂。
    朕给出,令庸俗大众惊诧疑惑、无法接受的“庄稼底牌”,是无价之宝。
    真理是电,不以任何人,任何权利、任何所谓“大多数”的,意志为转移。
    猝不及防,永远出乎散猪意料,“万万没想到”,使之“猜不透”、团团转、
    热锅蚂蚁;驱赶围猎,永远使散户沉浸于贪婪恐惧烈火寒冰,追涨杀跌
    “动物本能”无法自拔;
    是庄稼们百战百胜吃香喝辣的,看家法宝。
    见底点位{上证宗指160点或者95.79点},是全球庄稼们{邪.饿.金融精英}蓄谋
    已久的共识,不以任何人意志为转移。
    即,在见底之前,出抬任何“救市利好”都是徒劳无益瞎折腾。
    当见底之时,即便不出抬任何救市措施,股市也会自动“大反转”腾空而起。
    中外庄稼亲蜜配合,完成最后的惨烈洗盘。
    而直接砸盘、直接做空,导致中国股市血崩的,是中国庄稼 ---- 中国财富精
    英之中的精英 --- 资本大鳄。
    每一只股票背后,都有庄稼暗中操纵走势。
    每一个国家的股票市场,金融市场,都有庄稼总司令暗中主导一切。
    黑老大、总指挥,是 黯 黑 帝 国。
    索罗斯的,类兽性、反射理论,动态远均衡,大起大落理论。
    缠中说禅的,跌停板洗盘法。
    3  见底时间:2018年九月至十一月全球股市同步见底。
    ---- 见底以上证综指160{95.79}}点为准 ,见底时间仅为粗略推断。
    ---- 好深一个坑;假摔,象 真 的 一 样 。
    ---- 来去匆匆,夏日的大暴雨 ;
    两个月、至多三、四个月之内,完成最后的 溃 坝 式 终极洗盘。
    连序跌亭洗盘过程之中,会有反弹诱多,会有横盘迷魂阵,会有底部构
    筑 W底的把戏 。
    并没有什么,情绪彻底崩溃,破罐破摔,歇斯底里不顾一切 ……
    ---- 演戏给你看!
    一切都在,沉着冷静,聪明透顶庄稼们的,精确掌控之中。
    本人对见底点位、见底时间的推演预测,可能不那么准确。这也,不是什么
    大问题。
    最关键,全球崩盘的“性质”,是“挖坑”行情,是黎明之前最后最
    黑暗最凶狠的一杀。这一点,本人绝对不会错,这就够了,足够了。
    但愿本剂疫苗,不会失效。
    惊天的底部巨量,全民目击的狐狸尾巴,谁也无法否认。
    这就是,庄稼吸筹洗盘的,铁证。
    4  全球崩盘断头铡刀的利空借口:
    持续上涨8⑨年{从1929算起},终极冲顶之前必然的总洗盘,
    持续上涨8⑨年{从1929算起},终极冲顶之前必然的总洗盘,
    不以任何人,任何事件为转移。
    不管,有没有,中美贸易战、全球贸易战,朝核危机、特朗 普 金 正 恩
    疯狂折腾、美国加息 、中国加息、朝鲜千万吨级核试验、恐怖袭击、
    斩首遇刺、俄罗斯614世界杯、中国经济下行,债务危机、公投危机、
    脱欧危机、减持危机、质押股票平仓、配资爆仓、刘姓投资人出事了、
    注册制、国债收益率、下调评级、中国汇率、程序化自动交易软件自动斩仓、
    新股IPO抽血、跳楼大王富士康上市、索罗斯做空、巴以危机、关门危机、
    特朗普税改、最怕不确定 ……
    狼吃小羊,与溪水无关。
    庄家们刻意制造。蓄谋已久。贼喊捉贼。闪击战。
    又一次,剪羊毛,开始了。躲不过的。
    5  全球 崩 盘 的性质{ 唯一原因 } :
    总出货行情爆发了:全球股市8⑨年总出货,中国股市2⑨年总出货。
    总出货之前的总洗盘。底部必放巨量{庄家吸筹}。
    28⑧9.76 ——→ 1000或者800{反弹诱多} ——→ 160点或者95.79点
    腰斩、腰斩、再腰斩、再腰斩。见底。{谁能想到?}
    28⑧9.76点大约开始计算,暴跌、连续跌婷、至1000点{或800点},诱多反弹;
    然后,再暴跌、连续跌亭,至160点,真真见底。
    ===== : 6124 ---- 998 ---- 160{100}
    以998为轴心,以6.136倍为常数的等比数列。
    老股民们,不要天真幼稚,万众瞩目的上正宗指998,绝不会是,绝不会是庄稼
    既定的见底点位。
    8⑨年总出货之前的总洗盘,一定要扑熄散户心中所有的希望火焰,一定要使
    散户跳娄尿裤肝胆俱裂撤底绝望,庄稼们才会,微笑见底。要有创意。
    还记得妈,印尼 1226 大海啸来临之前,大海的突然退潮??
    洗盘完成之后,接下来,连续涨停冲顶上正宗指七万五千万点。10个太阳。
    所有股票创历史新高。{人类历史上最大的牛市}
    工商银行:161元;中国石油:200元;贵州茅台:一万元
    最后的回光返照。过把瘾就死。
    即,1929以来的8⑨年总出货行情,将在,2018年全面爆发。
    全球8⑨年{1929}总出货路线图:
    6124 ——→ 160{100} ——→ 75000 ——→  75点。
    连续跌婷,160{95.79}点见底;连续涨停,75000点见顶;
    行情拖的越久,庄稼们的耗费就越大,就,越需要更 剧 烈 疯 狂 的震荡,来,
    获取收益。唯有如此,才能,不赔钱。
    上正宗指七万五千点见顶之后,接下来,一路俯冲,不断救市利好抽动反弹,
    与极度亢奋的散户阴阳相合,总射精。
    上正宗指七十五点见底。鬼哭狼嚎中,人类最大大萧条全面爆发。
    ---- 十八世纪中叶,英国人瓦特 改 良 蒸 汽 机,蓬 勃 异 彩 的 工 业
    革命,技术创新文化创新制度创新,人类文明新纪元。
    如今,像一头老弱疲病的老牛,再也冲不动了。
    资本主义周期性大萧条,是不以任何人意志为转移的,客观规律。
    看清楚,今天全球经济,已经,债台高筑,苟延残喘,走投无路;
    全靠印钞票支撑。{一次次吸食栤毒强刺激,竭泽而渔}
    文明的拐点 。
    比1929震撼100倍的大萧条,已经无可避免。
    正因为如此,金融精英们才会,猛拉一把,出净手中股票,然后,逃命而去。
    要完成8⑨年总出货,必然要,最彻底的洗盘,这就是,即将爆发的,
    “人类最大金融海啸”的成因。唯一成因。
    绝不是,黑天鹅、灰犀牛、明斯基时刻 ;纯 人 祸,招摇撞骗把水搅浑。
    经此一役{第叁次世届大战:2至4年},按嘿帝国将中国经济撤底摧毁。
    终于除去心腹大患,可以安心睡觉了。
    经此一役{第叁次世届大战:2至4年},按嘿帝国将中国经济撤底摧毁。
    终于除去心腹大患,可以安心睡觉了。
    击溃欧元,搞垮人民币,从而,确保了,美国、美元的,独一霸权稳
    如泰山。{苏联、萨达姆}
    印钞权、世界货币发行权,才是,最核心最重要的利益,压倒一
    切命根子。
    老大,岂容老二稳步做大??从古至今。
    6  给散户的建议:
    即将的,末日崩塌,一切外在表象,都与1929 大 崩 盘,一 模一 样 。
    2018泽雷{随}卦讲的随从、追随,实质是从善。大吉大利。
    四门乍辟,突如其来,惊恐万状,鬼哭狼嚎跳楼,炸平庐山,地球停转;
    惶惶不可终日,好像全人类明天就要灭绝。
    迷雾重重无底洞,斩钉截铁,套牢一切敢于抄底者,要多狠有多狠。
    刚刚还是笑颜温存,突然翻脸,一巴掌打蒙,趁其惊恐疑惑不知所措,迅速完成,
    强 奸。
    最可恨,扯破喉咙摇旗呐喊兴风作浪,媒体{庄稼利益共同体}的助纣为虐。
    历史,总是惊人的相似,但是,历史不会简单重复。
    本次总出货行情,与1929的区别是:双黄蛋。
    ---- 1929,是一头栽下去。
    本次,却是先{N次}假摔,超级惊吓,完成洗盘,榨出全球经济最后的能量,
    然后,再火红冲顶完成总出货。
    狡诈庄稼的心思,你能看清几步?世事如棋局局新。
    我们所看到的、听到的一切,都是精巧布设的骗局、精巧布设的陷阱。
    利益,才是永恒的真相。
    千载难逢黄金坑;大恐布表象之下的大惊喜、大财运;披着狼皮的牛。
    黎明之前,暗夜最凶狠的反扑。
    虚惊一场,虚张声势空城计。
    暴雷霹雳黑雨倾盆,然后瞬间,雨过天晴骄阳似火。
    千万不要卖掉股票{几乎是,任何点位},相反,要大胆抄底。请,经受住最后
    的考验痛快洗礼。
    一口气好忍。因为那时,股票价格已经远远低于庄稼们的平均持仓成本,所以,
    他们绝不敢在底部长时间停留。 { 那时,庄家比散户更加,忧心如焚 }
    最恐怖的连续跌停,恰恰说明,庄稼们害怕了。色厉内荏。
    风雨之后,必见彩虹。立贴为证。
    ---- 不要被 摄 魂 怪 洗 盘 吓死,富贵险中求。最 大行情,一生,就这一回。抓
    住了,一辈子吃喝不愁。
    突然莫名其妙不顾一切的疯狂跳水,看看吧,多便宜、多不可思议的601,想干什么?
    岂不让人疑惑??
    逆天之物,必有妖孽:泰国虎庙。
    ---- 人生在世,总要有些勇气决断 ;超额收益,总要承担一些,必然风险。
    听朕发令枪,精确抄底,动用你总资产的15% ,分次建仓,就可以,显著改善你的
    生活。
    --- 今时今日,百业萧条中国,最大的另类商机。
    ---- 进化,是,敌我双方同时进化。
    敌人往往会利用,你以前的经验混淆你。
    庄稼知道,散户都是胆怯迷糊的。
    巨震暴跌突然发疯,即使股价已经便宜的让人心痛,散户依然,习惯性,习惯性惊
    弓之鸟,等待着,等待着“稳定”,大势明朗,再买入建仓。
    问题是,这一次,情况不同,新花样;
    问题是,到那时,股价已然连续涨停腾飞而起,良机已然丧失。
    …… 眼红饥渴追高买入,将又一次,沦为被套的 宰 割 鱼 肉。
    就现今而言,买入,任何时间,任何价位,并且坚定持有死多头,忍住,大无畏与
    庄稼同归于尽,谁怕谁?钱,就稳稳赚到了。
    至少,不要,底部割肉。
    无畏,而非盲动,来源于朕,长久深刻的思索、知识。
    一无所有 …… 不要跳楼,不必忧心,到那时,朕将发布一系列应对方法,
    不但转危为安,而且会大赚一笔。皎皎衣裳几万钱。{毛衣战?}
    猝不及防,一生之中最大的一波行情,扑面而来;能不能,抓住??
    股市是“多”与“空”的对立统一体,“多”与“空”两者互为自己存在的
    前提,打击空头就是打击多头,消灭空头就是要消灭股市。
    没有熊市,就没有牛市,没有低位建仓,哪来高位抛出获利??
    涨的再好,再大的行情,你是空仓,又有何益  ??
    没有播种,哪来收获??
    烈火真金、大浪淘沙;
    既然,已经是世界末日,与其割肉出局,还不如死扛,保留一点点火种。
    轰 轰轰 历史最高价的贵州茅台、道琼斯,历史最低价的中国石油,嘭嘭嘭
    连续涨停的上市新股,诡谲变换,黑云翻涌,天地晦盲阴阳反背,完美风暴雪,
    就要来了!!
    今天现在中国石油股价是7.30元,历史最低价是6.99元。
    想想看,简单常识,庄家是否可能,在这个价位,完成总出货??
    “在中石油重上48.62元、百元中石油狂欢之前,本轮行情,股市绝无
    见顶的可能”。
    老股民记住,相信这一句,就可以了。
    即,5178 远 远不是,终极大顶。
          5178,仅仅是,第一浪。
    吸取教训,沉着应对,不要瞎激动瞎积极 文 化 大 革 命。
    救市、爱国  爱党爱人民喊得最响的,难说是不是,阴毒叵测之蛊鬼。
    7  祸 不单行。
    对中国而言,人类最大金融风暴,那只是,毛毛雨。
    紧随而至的,SS XX DD BB ,才是,中国迫在眉梢的,灭 顶 之 灾 。
    最最最重要。
    8  本文为“缩略版”。还有一些话、一些应对,没有说。
    附录 :
             2018年02月02日,利好频频,美联储新主席鲍威尔上任,美国股市带头,
             全球股市,开始了传言中10%左右,莫名其妙的暴跌。
              那是,惊 天 巨 震 之前的 小 震;给散户灌进的 麻 罪 剂、谜 魂 汤。
              呼喊着,狼来了,狼来了,狼来了。
              小跌,跌一跌,更健康,更安心。散户们,懵懂窃喜,抄底买进。
              断崖腰斩突然降临,散户就麻木不知道跑了。也来不及跑了。
              牛,已经暂时走了。猝不及防狼,血 盆 大 口,已然张开。一口咬死。
              七月,人类最大金融海啸,将正式登场。
              最悲惨的一天,就要来了。
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